.                                 magnum airguns defined

     generally, magnum airguns meet the criteria of producing over 23 foot pounds of muzzle energy.  however, i have lowered this criteria to 21 foot pounds in my own person realm to order that .177 caliber (or 4.5 mm) may also qualify.  an example of this reasoning is a power-tuned .177 benjamin discovery which shoots an average of 950 fps w/ 10.5 grain crosman premier ultra (or heavy) pellets.   the same pellet also comes in hollow-point in the 50 count sample pack w/ the gun - called benjamin discovery pellets.  disco's, in my experience, shoot an average of 900 fps w/ these pellets out of the box, untuned.   950 fps w/ a 10.5 gr pellet yields 21.05 foot pounds of killing force.   .22 caliber (or 5.5 mm) remains to be the most popular in this class of airguns.  .22 ammo is cheaper and more readily available, while offering a wider variety of pellet designs.   you may have heard the saying, ".177 for feathers, .22 for fur".  the general theology is that .22 creates a larger wound channel and that smaller .177 penetrates feathers better.  it is strange to experience a feathered creature flying away after solid impact from .22, yet a smooth clean kill on the same quarry w/ a .177 disco at 60+ yards.   the smaller diameter penatrates the feathers better.    of special note here: each of the four popular airgun calibers has its own special qualities, performance, and personality.  it is erroneous reasoning to believe that a heavier .177 caliber pellet at faster velocity will produce the same results as a .22, .20 or .25 pellet moving slower.   the "velocity into footpounds" formula only gives striking energy.   once more, a 20 ftlb .177 does not perform at all like a 20 ftlb .22.   i found this error in my own reasoning, as i was once only satisfied w/ .177.          .20 and .25 later.   ........         ..........25..........    it's like a circus pellet at first.  unbelievable  size and weight, especially for one used to .177 pellets.    these things are monsters.   footpounds - let's talk about this before going on.                                   - raneman.    10-11-13.

.                            .22  uk  patriot  w/  theoben  gas  ram

.        this was a very interesting magnum air rifle.   i personally prefer spring/piston over gas/piston, but if you are going that gas strut route - theoben has been the best, smoothest, and most consistent, in my personal experience.     it came with the leapers 3-9x50ao and it was bolted with steel bolts onto the rail.  the fellow had came off one of the bolts with tool and it had scratched into the beautiful webley blueing.  the muzzlebreak appeared to be a webley one, but there were no holes tapped for the front sight as usual.  scope held zero, so i just left things as when i got it.   not quite as much velocity as the spring version, but it was very consistent.  chrono pics will confirm.   it was very accurate.   near cloverleafs at 50 yards.  3-4 holes touching with each 5 shot string from bench rest.   what i recall most was the feel and sound when shooting.   a mix of whish and knock that left the wood ringing from the phloomp.    - raneman.   - 11-16-13........

.                           .22  cal  walther  talon  magnum 

.   this was the first generation of hatsan 125 air rifles to be sold to us herein the united states.  marketed under the walther talon magnum (.177, .22 and later .25) and walther falcon hunter (.22 and .25 only), these things set a new standard of power for airguns.   this first run had plastic triggers and two sets of forearm screws (which screwed in backwards threaded).  i bought one in .177 and sent it back because barrel would not lock back into place after cocking all the way.  i was a die hard .177 fan until i came accross this gun - .22 walther talon magnum.   it gave me the range i needed for .22 caliber.  i like shooting at 45+ yards away.  this gun was named 'vera' after the big black pimp-lady in the movie 'harlem nights'.   after tuning, it shot between 920-930 fps w/ rws superpoints and was most accurate w/ ftt or fts pellets.    the recoil was a bit too much for most of the early models.  this was before the sas system was used here.  you can see what happens when you tighten the forearm screws too tightly on the early hatsan 125's.  i glued the cracked stock back together w/ epoxy easily enough.   these guns are long and the barrel is a little too long in my opinion, but the muzzlebreaks are near impossible to get off to chop it from the 19" to 17", which would be great w/ muzzlebreak re-installed.  11-13-13.  ...

.                             .22  diana  (rws)  model  460

.       i recall getting this magnum from the umarex refurb dept for around $350.   i just wanted to see what the fuss with the fixed barrels was all about.   i am a break barrel type of guy.    this thing handled and balanced like a winchester 30/30 centerfire.    well proportioned and well-balanced.   it did confirm the fuss about fixed barrels - they are very accurate.   it shot a cosistent 880 fps with premiers after a lube-tune and for its power, it was a lighter weight.    if a person could get used to cocking and loading an arrangement of the model 460 (the under-lever style), this would be a very efficient field or hunting air rifle.        - raneman.       - 11-12-13......    this is a 6 shot group from bench at 45 yards with unsized crosman premier hollow-points from walmart.   one shot was a flyer.

.                         .177  webley  domin8or  (hatsan 155)

         this air rifle is a total beast.   it broke the sound barrier w/ regular 8 grain pellets.  i had to use heavy pellets in this tank of an airgun.   it is huge and heavy, 10-11 lbs.   i'm thinking this one shot 950 with kodiaks.  i know it shot 1150 fps with crosman premier lights.   it was accurate from the bench.  it was so heavy that's all i tried with it.   these had a different design and lesser trigger than present day model 155's.    the loading port was cool.  it had gears that expanded o-rings outward to insure a tight seal.  the present .22 cal versions shoot around 975 fps w/ 14.5 grain pellets straight after the initial burn off of factory lubes.       10-27-13.  .....

.                           .22 caliber   rws/diana model 470 th

.    this is a superb air rifle.  in my opinion, this is the pinnacle of diana's spring/piston airguns.   it was a very consistent 885 fps w/ crosman premiers .   very accurate, very powerful, very beautiful.  i cannot recall if the 'th' meant target hunter or thumb hole.  the matte-finished dianas are lovely on the eyes.   it is not as much designed for hunting as i would like, but it does have some neat features in the stock (there is a video clip under the videos tab that explains this further).    - raneman.  10-11-13............

 .                                   .20 caliber diana 48's

      hard core.   the .20 caliber mystique solved.   930+ fps w/ FTT's .  860+ fps w/ jsb's and precisely accurate.  .6" groups at 60 yards .    the rws/diana model 48 and 52 have proven to be the best platform for .20 caliber in all of my experiences with this beloved caliber.     power, finese, trajectory/range.... what .20 is destined to do.   .    article soon.   - raneman......

.                             .25 caliber webley patriot quattro

    this is the largest mainspring i have ever worked with.  must have a very good spring compressor to tune or repair these beasts.   considerably heavier and larger than than the english-made patriot/kodiaks, but a bit more powerful.   830-840 fps w/ 20 grain ftt/fts pellets after lube-tuning.   i generally use only stock parts when i lube-tune airguns.   chrongraph reading are from a factory-direct turkish patriot at elevation of 750 ft above sea-level and non-sized ftt's directly from tin.    - raneman.   10-11-13.  ......

  .                                 .22  diana  (rws)  model 350

     i started back into air gunning with a brand new .177 diana 350.  (but i had found a daisy 1000 at walmart on clearance - $20 out the door just before ordering the .177 350 from airguns of arizona.)   i loved that gun.  when all others weren't acting right, i could pull out old 'gertrude', and she'd be on spot.  one night, i stayed out till about 10:30pm shooting silver beer cans at 70 yards as they reflected the moonlight with this big german girl.  it was a big, bright full moon in texas on a summer night.  it was the first airgun i tuned.  dianas are very easy to learn on.   the 350 seems to me to be an extended tube version of a 34.   after tune, mine usually shot 950 fps w/ crosman premier heavies.   all the general parts (except tube, spring, etc which are just longer) seem to be the same as the parts in the 34 family.   if you were going to have just one magnum airgun, i would recommend the .22 caliber 350 just like the one in these photos - the monte-carlo stock.  they are real workhorses and not too terribly expensive, so you can afford a scratch on it from brush.  i have tried most all versions except the carbine.   this is the most well balanced and user friendly 350 style of the bunch.   .22 caliber 350's generally shoot 860 fps w/ 14.5 grain pellets after break in.  a good tune will produce more.  some prefer to soft tune these down to around 800 fps w/ same pellet, but i like to hunt.  carrying the extra weight of a magnum and not having the extra power just doesn't seem right to me.   - raneman.    ps:  after some time i have remembered the .22 model 350 pro-compact that was used in reviewing the vortek kit.  upon first installation, i used jim macarri moly on the entire spring of tom gore's kit.  i lost velocity, but that gun shot so smoothly that i was able to drop sparrows out about 40 yards out from a bench rest while using my other hand to talk on the phone.  it was shooting 800 fps at that time, but produced a tight cloverleaf of 5 shots at 45 yards.   i later found that using tom gore's white lube on the parts of the spring that went into the plastic sheath, and using a bit of macarri's moly lube on about the top 1/3 of the spring worked the best for me.  the velocity was at 875 fps w/ premiers and smoother to shoot than an untuned .22 350, which generally produces 850 fps. ..

 .                                 .22  diana 350  pro compact

     these were designed to be professional pest controllers.  the matte finish eliminates reflection.   the compact (carbine) size makes them easy to handle, aim, and shoot quickly.  i got myself this for my birthday in 2009.  it was a refurb from umarex - paid $300 for it.  all i found wrong w/ it was a fingernail-like pressure mark on the grip.  i later used this gun to test out tom gore's vortek kit for 350's before he released them.  this was a very nice-shooting gun.  i fail to understand why diana makes the muzzle breaks on the compact versions so heavy.   the size is just right, but it could be about half the weight they deem necessary for the matte muzzle breaks.   this one shot about 870 w/ the vortek kit.   another thing that makes these easy to work on is that they have a hinged cocking arm.  you don't have to take the barrel off.   - raneman.    10-19-13.  

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